Part of Indonesia’s Eastern Islands (NTT, Nusa Tenggara Timur), Flores boasts a mountainous and rugged landscape that makes up 6,627 square metres of Indonesia. The biggest island in NTT and also one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, Flores is geographically located between Sumbawa and Timor to its East and West and Sumba and Sulawesi to its North and South. It boasts a tropical climate with two seasons (wet and dry) per year with an average temperature ranging from 27-29°C. Monsoon season hits between December and March before dry season comes in May until October, however, frequencies of rainfall differ according to regions. Between these extremes, there usually is a transitional period lasting from April to May and then again from October to November.
Its highest peak at 7,872 ft, Flores is located in the volcanic zone that extends from Sumatra across Java and Bali to the Banda Sea. Its turbulent geological history is reflected in the heavily fragmented mountainous region. Flores is prone not only to volcanic eruptions, but also to and tsunamis earthquakes: In 1992, a strong earthquake followed by a massive tidal wave claimed the lives of 3000 people and destroyed the town of Maumere and its surroundings.